Misaligned teeth, also known as malocclusions, are a common dental problem in the United Kingdom. Apart from the crookedness of teeth that becomes apparent when one smiles, malocclusions have an impact on how the face looks. It can also cause problems with speech or chewing. Because of the misalignment, pain in the jaw is common, which can also lead to headaches.

Luckily, the field of orthodontics continues to find new ways to fix malocclusions, even in adults. One great example is the Six-Month Smiles Clear Braces, which provide an easy, fast and unobtrusive way of realigning crooked teeth.

A single, overarching reason for the occurrence of malocclusions is yet to be identified if it even exists. However, dentists and other medical professionals have seen several potential contributing factors to the condition.


While doctors call thumb-sucking a normal behaviour among children, it can have adverse effects on teeth in the long run. When children reach the age of five or six, the habit can already have a considerable impact on the fast-developing jaw. Milk teeth, which are softer than permanent teeth, can also be damaged by thumb-sucking.

The frequent biting down will cause repeated pressure on the jaw, which will misalign the milk teeth, as well as the root which develops into permanent teeth, come adulthood.

Soft Food

In a study by the University of Kent, the kind of diet people eat also affect their chances of developing malocclusion. The study discovered that populations who depended on tougher food options had long mandibles while those who grew up on soft food had short ones.

When it comes to babies, many medical professionals argue that toddlers should be exposed to chewable food regularly to extend the jaws. Shorter jaws can be a reason for crowding.

The enamel coating on our teeth is the toughest part of the human body. Teeth can handle consistent usage and, in fact, must be used for their purpose. Children whose diets are composed almost entirely of very soft food are more likely to develop problematic jaws.


The role of genes in the occurrence of malocclusions is hotly contested in dentistry. Many of the studies that link the two offer another important factor: the environment. This includes the diet and lifestyle of people when it comes to their teeth.

Due to the hazy findings in the genetic connection of malocclusions, as well as a minimal understanding of genetics, genetics isn’t usually a main factor in crooked teeth. However, it may provide an explanation for more advanced malocclusions such as issues with jaw alignment.


The process of ageing impacts the entire body. As our bodies age, our jaws, whose structure depends on the bone, tend to shrink by a few millimetres, resulting in the crowding of the teeth.

Alongside the natural process of ageing, our teeth are also exposed to more physical forces, degradation and other factors than can significantly alter their alignment. Luckily, adult patients now have options like Invisalign, which can straighten teeth without significantly affecting their appearance.

At Smile Spa UK, we offer an array of treatment options. With us, you can expect reliable orthodontic treatments that will help you achieve your oral health goals. Schedule a consultation with us today.

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